This leafy green is actually a leaf cabbage and has an earthy and strong flavor that makes it as delicious to eat cooked as it is raw. For this reason, leaf lettuce is generally more perishable than head varieties. In general, salad greens are cool weather crops, at their best in spring and early summer before high heats and long days make them bolt and turn bitter. Resistant to bolting, heat, and tip burn. Some might say it's stretching things to include dandelion greens here, but there are people who relish the sharp, bitter hit of raw dandelion. Lettuce will tolerate many soil types but prefers loose loams (pH 6.0-6.8) or organic soils (pH 5.5-6.0). Try Just Add Lettuce. If you're a gardener, this is an easy type of lettuce to start with. Butter lettuce has a tender texture and large, cupped leaves that work beautifully in salads, especially with delicately flavored dressings such as buttermilk dill salad dressing or in asparagus butter lettuce salad. It’s often chopped into small slivers to add crunch and strong flavor throughout a salad. Mesclun means "mixed" in Provencal and is traditionally composed of several varieties of wild-harvested, young greens. They are the green fronds from the chrysanthemum plant that grows the popular flowers, which are more commonly known as mums in some areas. This burgundy lettuce is also referred to as Italian chicory. Watercress has a bright, peppery flavor prized for salads and gently "wilted" preparations. Use cress as soon as possible, removing any yellowed or wilted leaves. Allrecipes has more than 110 trusted romaine lettuce salad recipes complete with ratings, reviews and tips. Italian dandelion is another form of radicchio, a bitter green for salads or cooking. To avoid instant wilting, … Look for lettuce year-round in ultra-temperate climates, fall and spring in mainly temperate areas, and in the late spring through the summer months in cooler climates. You may be able to find more information about this and similar content at piano.io, MediaNews Group/Boulder Daily Camera via Getty Images. Tender stalks and roots are perfectly edible along with the dark green leaves. Try tossing with a feta vinaigrette or yogurt buttermilk dressing. Discard the external leaves if they are damaged or wilted. Lettuce does well in raised beds or a traditional garden. As one of its other names would suggest, Batavia lettuce is more tolerant of warmer weather than many salad greens. This lettuce, also known as French crisp, isn't the most commonly used green, but you'll notice it because of its ridged leaves. Ah, kale. It is a crisp-head lettuce, meaning its leaves form a compact head as it grows—although its head is much less compact than iceberg lettuce. Spinach is a super versatile veggie, but there is nothing we love more than eating it as part of a salad. In a bowl, whisk the first seven ingredients; set aside. Igloo. In the kitchen, the leafy green is great on sandwiches, wilted in soups, braised or grilled, and it’s fabulous in smoothies. As with Batavia lettuce, there are several varieties of oak leaf lettuce—green, red, bronze—but they are all loose-leaf lettuces, meaning the leaves stay loose and attached only at the base as they grow instead of forming tight, compact heads like iceberg lettuce or cabbage. Treat it the same as endive or lettuce. Lately, however, you will find it more and more at farmers markets and specialty stores. It is more resistant to a warmer climate, staying crispier than other lettuce varieties. (Lol, you think I'm joking? Preparation: a milder taste than the radicchio rosso. Delish participates in various affiliate marketing programs, which means we may get paid commissions on editorially chosen products purchased through our links to retailer sites. If working with small heads, use the leaves whole. Mizuna is an Asian variety of mustard greens. Dress with a bit of ranch for something the whole family will love. 15 Romaine Lettuce Leaf Lettuce. Tradition says that a shallot vinaigrette brings out the best in mâche. Summer crisp / French crisp / Batavian lettuce type that is at first open, much like a loose-leaf lettuce, then matures into a heavy, compact bunch or head. The older they get, the sharper their flavor becomes. Italian Recipes 1 of 25 Far from the shrink-wrapped iceberg lettuce we all know so well—perfectly round and crunchy, almost all water, and able to last a long time after harvest—the multitude of lettuce varieties available at the grocery store and farmers markets offer a wide range of textures, colors, and flavors. With a spicy… In general, larger leaves tend to be stronger tasting, but if pungency is a concern, be sure to taste the batch before using. Cos: this is a crisp pale green lettuce with elongated leaves. And yes, they really are the leaves off that ever-present plant so they're generally pretty cheap and hearty. Larger leaves can be torn into bite-sized pieces when cleaning. Butterhead Lettuce, whose best-known varieties are Boston and Bibb lettuce, is favored for its sweet, mild flavor and delicate texture. Butter lettuce is commonly available. Give it a few extra swishes in the water to get them clean. Our seeds are untreated, most are open-pollinated, and many are certified organic. Raddichio. The Spruce Eats uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience and for our, Batavia Lettuce (a.k.a. It's also packed with vitamin C. Pro tip: If you think you don't like kale because it's too tough to chew, make sure you're massaging it before eating it in a salad...it will change everything. How To Celebrate New Year's Safely At Home, 68 Sweet Strawberry Desserts You Can't Resist, This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page to help users provide their email addresses. Lollo Rosso, Rocket and Biondo In northern Europe, star status in the 1990s was conferred on two varieties of Italian lettuce, lollo rosso and its close cousin biondo, prized principally for the outer frills of the leaves that meant presentation was less of a headache for image conscious restaurant cooks. Frisée is best known as the base for a classic French bistro salad that includes bacon and a poached egg on top and is also delicious in a pear salad with blue cheese and walnuts. In a large bowl, combine the lettuce, onions, celery, mozzarella cheese, olives and tomato. But there are many types of lettuces to know -- all with different shapes, sizes and flavors. We sell more than 450 varieties of Italian heirloom vegetable, herb, and flower seeds. An award-winning food writer and cookbook author, Molly Watson has created more than 1,000 recipes focused on local, seasonal ingredients. There are three types of leaf lettuce: red, green, and oak. Each leaf has a substantial rib running along the center. Purple Basil. Raised beds help air movement and soil drainage to control soil-borne root and leaf diseases. Since lettuce is best freshly picked, it does not travel or store well. Instead of forming heads like other lettuce varieties, this lettuce’s structure consists of … Look for pale green and red-tinged varieties. Purslane has thick, almost spongy leaves and works well with delicate herb-laced dressings or something bright like a lemon-parsley dressing. Cut the Treviso in half, sprinkle with some olive oil and grill on the cutting edge. Combine with: In Italy often grilled and served as an alternative to steak. Another green variety, ‘Igloo,’ with its lightly serrated leaves, is quick to mature in only 70 days. 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